In his excellent book Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries, Science and Pseudoscience in Archaeology, Kenneth Feder also stresses the importance of questioning.
“Observation and suggestion and hypotheses, therefore, are only the first steps in a scientific investigation. In science we always need to go beyond observation and hypothesizing. We need to set up a series of “if….then” statements; “if” our hypothesis is true, “then” the following deduced “facts” will also be true. Our results are not always precise and clear-cut, especially in a science like archaeology, but this much should be clear – scientists are not just out there collecting a bunch of interesting facts. Facts are always collected within the context of trying to explain something or in trying to test a hypothesis.” (p27)
Proposed Book of Mormon Lands in Mesoamerica - Map